Vill du veta mer om Poolia?
The Borough has a number of leisure centres, including the Basildon Sporting Village , a multimillion-pound project that opened in April It has a 50m swimming pool, fitness suite, indoor climbing wall and an athletics track. The centre attracted over one million visits in its first year of opening.
It was also revealed in January that more people swim in Basildon than anywhere else in the county. There is also a smaller leisure centre named The Place and Eversley Centres in Pitsea which opened in the s. Basildon was designed with large amounts of green spaces. The town of Basildon currently has many modern architectural structures due to the town's economic growth.
One of Basildon's first tall buildings was 'Brooke House', a tall block of flats situated in the Basildon town centre.
However, since the decline of trade in the town centre, many great business buildings have been constructed in central Basildon. Martin's Church in Basildon town centre is a modern structure. The church was consecrated in by the Bishop of Chelmsford. Although there are a number of tall buildings in central Basildon, there are also many newly constructed buildings closer to the 'Basildon Enterprise Corridor' situated in North Basildon.
The largest structure in the new town's town centre is Brooke House, a story residential tower block that fronts the west side of the town centre's East Square. The building was chosen to have a residential function, as opposed to commercial office space, to retain life in the town centre after the shops had closed. Shops were positioned to the rear of the building, with Brooke House acting as a covered forecourt.
It was conceived as a structure to define Basildon's urban status and to act as marker to identify the town centre's location within a largely low-rise settlement set in a flat landscape. East of Brooke House is East Square, a sunken open-air public plaza accessed from Brooke House by a monumental staircase and a curved ramp.
The east side of the square is fronted by Freedom House, containing shops on two levels, and the north side by the Post Office building, a 5-story structure. On a wall of Freedom House is the oldest piece of public sculpture in the new town: Poole titled "Man Aspires". The town centre extends from East Square towards the south-west.
Down the middle of this zone runs a rectangular raised pool. Within the pool is a bronze sculpture and fountain, titled "Mother and Child", by the sculptor Maurice Lambert and dating from Basildon has its own community radio station which is aimed towards the residents of Basildon, East Thurrock , and its surrounding areas called Gateway This is mostly due to the strong economic links between the Town and the City, and also with the Town being geographically close.
Basildon Development Corporation had installed a Cable Television service into many of its home — it was called Rediffusion, but this service stopped during the s. The service was replaced by United Artists Cable which were based in the town — this is now Virgin Media although the customer service operation closed in the s.
Even though Basildon is a new town there are still traces of its historical past viewable. Other than St Martin's Church, most of the historical parish churches still exist. St Nicholas 13th century sits proudly over Laindon , from where Basildon can be seen clearly, however St Peter's 13th century  at Nevendon is hidden behind Sainsburys and is little known by its residents. St Michael's at Pitsea is said to be 13th century, but was rebuilt in  and now only its Bell Tower remains on Pitsea Mount.
One notable building is Little Coopers Farmhouse which was originally located in Takeley. It was designated a Grade II building in On the west side of town, the Dunton Plotlands area was occupied by small rural dwellings in the mid twentieth century. Today it forms Langdon Nature Reserve. Climate in this area has mild differences between highs and lows, and there is adequate rainfall year-round.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Basildon disambiguation. New towns in the United Kingdom. List of secondary schools in Essex and List of primary schools in Essex. Robert Marlow — singer Terry Marsh — boxer, only English boxer ever to retire as an undefeated World champion Eamonn Martin — Athlete and winner of the London Marathon elite men's race.
Places adjacent to Basildon. Retrieved 6 August Retrieved 8 November Retrieved 24 January Archived from the original on 26 February Archived from the original on 9 June Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 21 August Archived from the original on 14 February Retrieved 10 January Archant Community Media Ltd. Archived from the original on 5 July Retrieved 20 July Retrieved 26 December Retrieved 31 May Residents Against Inappropriate Development.
Archived from the original on 19 April Retrieved 10 April Archived from the original on 10 November New town paves way for heritage trail" The Guardian, 2 June Peter's Church Nevendon — Home". Archived from the original on 19 January There were hundreds ' ". Archived from the original on 3 August Retrieved 12 May Retrieved 27 May This shape lent itself to a division into two triangles, the upper with corn sheaves representing the Highlands, the lower with a cornucopia signifying the plenty of the Fen Districts.
The embattled bar stands for Huntingdon, the fortress commanding the passing the River Great Ouse, a fact of great importance in early history.
In early history the County was a fief of the Scottish Crown and this is shown by the red lion with a collar of fluers-de-lys from the Royal Arms of Scotland. The banner with the hunting horn is a play on the name of the County and signifies the forest of the Uplands and hunting from the early times down to the present day.
Per pale Gules and Azure in the first a Lion rampant Gold armed and langued Azure in the second three demi Boats of the third. The arms appear to have been based on those of the Cinque Ports. A ship appears on a 13th century seal. Per chevron Azure and Or three Dragons' Heads erect and erased each transfixed through the mouth by a Cross botonny fitchy all within a Bordure per chevron counter-changed. The shield is basically the arms of the ancient Borough of King's Lynn which were recorded at the College of Arms as early as They refer to the legend of St.
Margaret of Antioch , who has been portrayed on the Seals of Lynn since the 13th Century, and to whom the Parish Church is dedicated. The per chevron division and the addition of a bordure serve to make the new shield distinct from the old one while retaining much of its medieval simplicity. The bordure also suggests the wider boundaries of the new authority, and the new shield is composed of seven parts to symboliss the seven authorities which were amalgamated.
The Seagull in the crest is an appropriate maritime reference it appeared as a supporter in some representations of the arms of the Borough of King's Lynn but here it stands on a bollard in order to make it distinctive. The coronet refers to the Borough's many royal connections. The seagull holds a cross botonny like the crosses in the the shield, and the cross crosslets in the arms of Freebridge Lynn RDC. The supporters are based on the crest of the Hunstanton UDC.
The lion is a version of the lions or leopards in the English Royal Arms and its fishes tail suggests the Borough's links with the sea. The Sea Lion occurs again in the badge, but here it is surrounded by a garland of oakleaves as a reference to the rural nature of much of the district. Oakleaves formed part of the coronet in the crest of the former Downham RDC. On the dexter side an Anglo-Saxon Warrior holding in his dexter hand a Sword point downwards and the sinister side a Yachtsman habited in a Sailing Smock and wearing a Peaked Cap all proper upon a Compartment composed of a grassy Mound also proper divided by Water barry wavy Argent and Azure.
The gold lion on blue is derived from the three lions in the arms of the Borough of Maldon and the two wheatsheaves refer to the former Maldon Rural District with its farming tradition. The ship's wheel represents the Burnham-on-Crouch Urban District, an important centre for sailing. The green and blue coloration of the mantling represents the land and the sea. The East Coast sailing barge recalls the former trade on the River Blackwater. The warrior represents the area's Saxon heritage in particular Brithnoth, the alderman of Essex, who lead the Saxon forces against the Danish invaders at the Battle of Maldon, which is known in detail from a surviving poem of the period.
The sailor represents our national maritime heritage and the fine sailing havens on the rivers Crouch and Blackwater. Gules a Castle triple-towered and domed Argent in base a Lion passant guardant Or.
In the fourteenth century the Castle became a prison, and in , it adopted its present role of art gallary and museum. The lion is said to have been granted by Edward III. The arms are sometimes surmounted by a civic fur cap, and placed between two angels in the position of supporters, but there is no authority for this practice.
On either side a Lion Ermine winged Argent charged on the wing with three Estoiles Sable the interior paw resting on a Tree trunk fesswise proper. Peterborough owes it origin to the foundation circa in AD by Paeda, King of Mercia, of a monastery from which the present fine Cathedral has derived dedicated to the glory of Christ and the honour of St. The Shield shows the keys, symbolic of those to the gates of Heaven given by Christ to St.
Peter Matthew 16 v. They are shown enfiled by the mural crown as a differentiation to the simple crossed keys which are the arms recorded for the See of Gloucester.
The gold mural crown replacing a Crest above the shield is intended as a civic symbol and this is particularly emphasized by the towers, the whole suggesting the walls of a town. The lions are the ermine lions of the Marquess of Exeter, hereditary Lord Paramount of Peterborough, differenced by the wings of the eagle supporters of Mordaunt, first Earl of Peterborough, the estoiles or stars thereon coming from his arms.
The tree trunks derive from a device of Earl Fitzwilliam, whose estate forms an important part of the area. The Compartment upon which the supporters stand is composed of rock from its traditional association with Peter and Paeda and the motto is similarly derived. The twelve sections represent the original number of parishes in the District.
The colours of gold and red were predominant in the arms of the Rochford RDC , which were based upon the arms of the de Rochford family. The wheatsheaves represent the agricultural importance of the area.
The ancient crown and mound are from the crest of the Rochford RDC and represent the King's Mound, the site of the Lawless or Whispering Court from the early seventeenth until the late nineteenth centuries.
On the mound is a representation of Rayleigh Windmill built in about and a seax, which like that in the arms of the Rayleigh UDC is from the arms of the County Council. The black bull, suggested by the bull's head in the arms of the Rochford RDC, is from the arms of the Bullen or Boleyn family, former residents of Rochford Hall.
Its has been given gold wings in reference to the district's links to aviation via Southend Airport. It is believed that at this time the English Standard was a wyvern. The blue and white waves and gold and red jagged lines on the badge suggest a 'rocky ford' from which the name Rochford is said to be derived. Azure a representation of the Sword in its Scabbard of the St Edmundsbury Borough Council proper between in fess two pairs of Arrows each in saltire points downwards Argent enfiling an Ancient Crown Or.
The Borough of St. Edmundsbury was formed by the amalgamation of Borough of Bury St. The blue background and the ancient crowns and crossed arrows are from the arms of the former Borough of Bury St. They depict the crown of Edmund, the Martyr King of East Anglia from whom the town takes its name; the arrows refer to the manner of his death in at the hands of the Danish invaders for refusing to renounce his Christian faith.
Similar crowns are contained in the arms of the diocese of St. According to traditional accounts King Edmund went with his army and fought a battle with them but was defeated and captured. The Danes tied him to a tree and shot him to death with arrows. Rare is the right to have a Sword and has always been more sparingly granted.
Edmunds by Charles II on 3rd July Edmunds a "Mayor Town". Although Charles II Charter of was declared null and void when his brother James II fled the country in , the sword continued to form part of the insignia of the Borough and is thus represented in the current arms. The crest recalls the legend that after the Danes had killed Edmund and left, the King's subjects returned to bury him and found his body, but the head was missing.
Searching for the head they heard a voice in the forest cry out "Here I am". Moving towards the voice they saw a wolf standing over the head, as if guarding it. On their approach the wolf disappeared and they took up the head which was afterwards miraculously joined to the body, which was eventually brought to Bury St.
The story is told in the writings of Abbot of Fleury, a French scholar who died in so it must have been believed soon after it is said to have happened. Hence the crest of a wolf guarding a crowned head of a King. The grassy mount or hill may be taken as a reference to Haverhill. The gold lion is a royal beast and its red chevrons are inspired by the arms of the de Clares, a family from whom the town of Clare derived its name.
The Clare RDC used a similar device. The other supporter is derived from the crest of the former Thingoe RDC , where it was taken from the arms of the Marquis of Bristol of Ickworth.
The roundels on each supporters' shoulders with a fretty design are an allusion to Haverhill - a fret being reminiscent of weaving - an industry which was once carried on in the town to a greater extent than at present. The shield retains the red background and ermine saltire charged with a red book edged and decorated gold which were the basis of the arms of the Chesterton RDC. These commemorate the crossing of ancient roads in the district, including Ermine Street, and also many connections with the University of Cambridge.
The book also alludes to the unique system of Village Colleges in the County, many of which are in the new District. As in the Chesterton arms, a gold cornucopia filled with fruit and flowers represents the orchards, nurseries and preserving industries.
The sails of a windmill, also in gold, as in the Chesterton arms, suggests the mechanised agriculture of the area and notable windmills at Bourn, Madingley and Chishill. The two gold sheaves indicate the union of two rural districts to form the new authority.
The wheatsheaf was the only emblem in the South Cambridgeshire RDC seal and this appropriate symbol is thus preserved. From the Chesterton crest comes the Cambridgeshire bustard on a small grassy mound. For necessary distinction are added two crossed quill pens to indicate the literary associations of the district with writers such as Chaucer, Tennyson, Rupert Brooke, Pepys, Matthew Paris and Byron.
The motto is that of the Chesterton RDC, it is that inscribed on a house in Fen Drayton associated with Vermuyden, the famous fen drainer - the only Dutch motto in British civic heraldry. Per chevron lozengy Argent and Vert and barry wavy of six Azure and Argent in chief two Garbs and in the fess point a Hexagon [voided] Or. A Hexagon Or enclosing a Mullet Azure. The background of the shield symbolises the Broads, the wavy lines indicating water, and the land, which is chequered green and silver here shown white , to represent sugar coming out of the land.
The essentially agrarian economy of the District is symbolised by the sheaves of wheat. The hexagon is a reference to the new Council Offices in the centre of the District. The boar is taken from the crest of the Bacon family and the wings from that of the Colman family, both families were prominent in the district.
The boar holds the hexagon within which is a five pointed star, symbolising the five old authorities which came together to form the new District.
Azure on a Pile Argent between on the dexter an Anchor erect on the sinister a Grid-iron and in base a Trefoil slipped Or a Flower Vase issuing therefrom a spray of Lilies proper. On the dexter side a Mediaeval Fisherman holding a Net with his exterior hand all proper and on the sinister side a Cluniac Monk proper holding in the dexter hand a Book Gules and in the exterior hand a Staff also proper.
A Cluniac priory was founded at Prittlewell around , dedicated to St. Mary it became the centre of religious and social life of the surrounding area. The accidental discovery of the value of the foreshore as a feeding ground for oysters around , by a fisherman named Outing led to the growth of a fishing community at the south end of Prittlewell parish, the first record of the name "Southende" is found in a will dated In the late eighteenth century a syndicate established a seaside resort at New South End, the venture was not an immediate success despite royal patronage.
In time however the resort flourished and borough status was granted in The mother parish of Prittlewell is represented by the lilies, emblem of St. Mary, from the thirteenth century seal of the Priory. In the borough was extended to include Southchurch, the parish church is dedicated to the Holy Trinity represented by the trefoil.
The Parish of Eastwood is represented by the grid-iron, emblem of St. Lawrence, to whom the parish church is dedicated. Leigh was originally a fishing village, which grew into a flourishing port, naval base and ship building centre and many local men achieved fame as admirals and Masters of Trinity House. In time, as ships became larger and could not be accommodated at the port, Leigh declined in importance and relied more on fishing and oyster cultivation.
The Parish and Urban District of Leigh was incorporated into the Borough in , and is represented by the anchor, emblem of St. Clement, to whom the parish church is dedicated. Leigh's former fame as a port as well as the Borough's other maritime associations are recalled by the ship's mast combined with a mural crown, symbol of civic government. The monk is a further reference to the Cluniac Priory and the fisherman refers to the area's long standing industry.
The figures are copied from a medieval illuminated manuscript in the British Museum. The motto recognises the influence of the Church and the sea upon the Borough. George on a Chief Or three Pellets that in the centre charged with a Cross engrailed and the others each with an Escallop of seven lobes Or. On a Wreath of the Colours in front of a Port between two square Towers proper issuant therefrom a rising Sun of seven rays a Mitre Or.
The basic pattern of the shield - stylized blue and white waves with a chief - follows that of the Deben RDC arms and the shield used by Woodbridge UDC. The waves represent the sea and the main rivers of the area - the Orwell, Deben, Alde and Blyth.
The lymphad or ancient galley representing the shipping of the coast and rivers and also the boatbuilding industry. The ship is gold with pennon and flags of St. The chief indicates the name of the authority. The "Coastal" is denoted by two gold scallop shells, each with seven lobes for the seven former council areas. These emblems are also from the arms of the Seckford family, and are seen in the Deben crest and the Woodbridge device, and also that of Felixstowe.
The castle refers to the historic associations with the castles of Framlingham and Orford. The mitre, like that in the Felixstove device, recalls the ancient bishopric founded at Dunwich by St. The mitre also alludes to other important monastic and ecclesiastical associations with Leiston, Felixstowe, Woodbridge and Blythburgh. The rising sun is indicative of the easterly situation it also predicts the dawn of a new era for the seven communities in one, symbolized by its seven rays.
The motto carries on the theme of a new era for the Suffolk Coastal area and is from "The Library" by the famous local poet George Crabbe. George and charged on the hull with three Escallops Or pendent from the yardarm by chains a Portcullis Or nailed and spiked Azure. The white fess between two chevrons on a blue background are from the arms of the Tendring family, and were used by the Tendring RDC. The mural crown, representing civic government, is shown with five visible crenellations alluding to the union of the five former authorities into the new district, it is coloured red like the background of the arms of the Essex County Council.
The two flaunches on each side of the shield with their blue and white waves represent the coastal areas, the seaxes, like those in the device used by the Frinton and Walton UDC, are from the arms of the County Council. It is red as in the crest of Clacton and has its sail furled as in the crest of Harwich. The three gold shells on its hull represent the three seaside resorts of Frinton, Walton and Brightlingsea.
The portcullis hanging from the ship's mast is from the ancient seal and arms of the Borough of Harwich, it indicates together with the flags of St. George of England the importance of this area in former times, in defending the Eastern Approaches.
The motto is based on that of Harwich. On the dexter a Sea-Lion guardant Or gutty Sable the tail Vert gutty Or and Argent holding in the dexter claw a Block Or tackle Sable and on the sinister a Knight in Armour tempus resting the exterior hand on the hilt of his sheathed sword a Hound at his feet all proper upon a Compartment per pale Water barry wavy Argent and Azure and a representation of a Stone Quay proper.
The ship's screw represents ship repairing and the wheel industry and agriculture all of which are important to the area. The three ships on the blue wave represent the trade and commerce along the River Thames. The Celtic cross recalls the founding of a Christian church in the Thurrock area by St.
Cedd in the seventh century, and the Tudor rose recalls the visit of Elizabeth I to Tilbury in August , when she addressed 10, troops before the coming of the Spanish Armada. The albatross signifies the long voyages beginning and ending at Thurrock. The supporters were added to the original grant to mark the elevation to borough status. The heraldic sea-lion combines the lion of England with a fish tail for the areas maritime associations.
The gouttes or teardrops refer to oil, margarine, soap and cement, all of which are produced locally. The knight and hound are derived from a military brass dedicated to Ralph or Radulphus de Knevynton, who died in , in St. The compartment represents the Borough's docks and wharves.
Azure on Water in base an Ancient Ship of three masts in full sail a Ladder affixed to the side amidships proper the mainsail charged with a Lion rampant the fore and aft sails and pennons each charged with a Cross Gules. Granted 20th October as a seal untictured ; Certified with tinctures as Arms by the King of Arms 5th February The arms are based on a seal granted to the Borough in The emblems are appropiate for an ancient port, fishing and shipbuilding centre.
Azure a Bend wavy between two Ancient Crowns each enfiling two Arrows in saltire points downwards all Or. The blue and gold of the shield are the colours of Bury Abbey, from whose arms come the familiar crowns and arrows of St. The manor and rule of Beccles were granted to the monastery by King Edwy, about , and Stephen confirmed the gift.
At the Dissolution, the manor went to the Rede family, from whose arms the gold wave is taken. This also refers to the River Waveney, which has played such an important part in the town's history. The rushes recall the fact, that the women of Beccles had the right "to carry away rushes at their pleasure" from the Fen, and these were of considerable value for roofing and flooring.
The dolphin, which is appropriate to the town's riverside interests, is from the arms of Sir John Leman, who founded the Grammar School in the early seventeenth century, and the blue lion is from the arms of the Fauconberg family, one of whose members originated the Fauconberg Educational Foundation at about the same time. Henry bore the dragon in red and his daughter in gold, as supporters to the Royal Arms, an example of which can be seen in the Council Offices.
Here the dragons' wings are folded like those of the dragon in this panel, dated The mural crowns are appropriate to a borough, and the banners of the pommelled cross of St.
Michael and the keys of St. Peter refer to the parish church and the ancient Fishermen's Church of St. Peter, whose site is now occupied by St. The green and white waves represent the River Waveney and floating on the river is a wherry as a reminder of the water-borne trade which used to be carried on by these Norfolk craft upstream as far as Bungay, a town then well known as a boat-repairing centre. On the chief is a pictorial representation of Bungay Castle, above the gateway is the shield of Hugh Bigod, Norman builder of the castle in about The crest shows the Black Dog of Bungay running along a flash of lightning, as seen in the great storm of August 4th, , when the Devil was said to have appeared in this form in the Priory Church of St.
Azure three open Crowns Or each transfixed with two Arrows in saltire [points downward] Argent. Granted 29th November The arms are based on those assigned by the medieval heralds to the Kingdom of East Anglia, whose last king was St. The crest refers to the story of his martyrdom. In King Edmund was overthrown and captured by the Danes in battle at Hoxne. Choosing martyrdom rather than renounce his Christian faith, he was shot to death by arrows and later beheaded.
When his followers discovered the body they we unable to find the head until they heard the King's voice crying out, directing them to a spot where the head was being guarded by a wolf.
The shield forms a kind of heraldic map showing a green diamond, representing the island, surrounded by the blue and white waves of the Thames Estuary together with emblems referring to former industries. For almost a thousand years Canvey was renowned for its pastures and the large flocks of sheep they sustained, in fact it has been recorded that some 4, sheep were on the island in An offshoot of this dairy farming was the manufacture of cheeses from the ewes' milk and for a brief period this was the main source of income for the island.
The fat-tailed sheep in the arms was a breed common on the island. From the earliest times the oyster fisheries of the Essex coast have been of great commercial importance and fame, one of these oyster beds, lay between Canvey Island and Leigh Marsh and is referred to by the oyster shells.
Another activity on the island, recalled by the white drops in the arms, was salt extraction, which is thought to date back to the Roman period, the remains of earthenware evaporation pots and other vessels used for storage and the transport of brine have been found on the island.
The voided gold escutcheon with its embattled inside represents the sea wall, the seven crenelations refer to the previous seven main drainage sluices. The cottage represent those which were built to house the Dutchmen working on land reclamation, two of which remain and one of which is now a museum. Gules a Chevron between in chief two Fleurs-de-Lys and in base a Lion rampant Or grasping in the dexter forepaw a Civic Mace Argent a Pomegranate slipped leaved and seeded proper between two Mascles chevronwise of the first.
On a Wreath of the Colours on a Woolpack proper a Boar passant Azure armed unguled and charged on the flank with three Crescents two and one Or holding in the mouth three Stalks of Barley and a Spray of Hops also proper. The basic colours, the chevron, the lion and the fleurs-de-lys are derived from the arms of the various families that held the manors in Great Dunmow.
The two mascles or voided diamonds are from the arms of the Ferrers family. The fleurs-de-lys, the emblem of the Virgin Mary, refer to the dedication of the parish church. Fleurs-de-lys are also prominent in the heraldry of the Jenoure and Beaumont families. The silver mace denotes that Great Dunmow once enjoyed borough status. The woolpack is a reminder that the town owed much of its early wealth to the wool trade and the boar, hops and barley refer to the modern bacon and brewing industries.
The boars hooves are shown gold to indicate that it has brought prosperity to the parish. The gold crescents are from the arms of Henniker, Doreword and Bigod. Azure a Chevron Erminois between three Woolpacks Argent. Granted 18th February to the former Borough of Hadleigh. Used unofficially by the Hadleigh Urban District Council. These arms were granted in , the year in which Hadleigh, then famous for woollen-cloth production, was incorporated.
The woolpacks and Paschal lamb are emblems of this trade. Borough status was lost in owing to mal-administration. The weaver's shuttles represent the town's long association with Courtauld's Limited, and weaving in general, an industry that has existed in the town since the arrival of Flemish weavers in the fourteenth century. The towns association with the Courtaulds began in when George Courtauld, a descendant of the Huguenot refugee families, set up in business as a silk throwster.
The thunderbolt alludes to Evans Electroselenium now Ciba Corning Diagnostics , whose managing director gave generously towards the cost of the grant. The cross of St. Andrew refers to the dedication of the parish church, and the wheatsheaf represents agriculture. Gules a Portcullis chained Or studded and spiked Azure. On a Wreath of the Colours upon waves of the Sea proper an Ancient Ship with one mast Or at the bow and stern Turrets and affixed below the top of the mast a Tower Argent the sail furled of the last and flying to the dexter a Pennon Gules.
Granted 15th December , to the Harwich Borough Council, but used before this date. The arms are based upon the seal of Harwich which was first incorporated in , by Edward II and the first such use of the portcullis as arms appears to be no earlier than The portcullis was a favourite badge of the Tudors, and its adoption by the town may have been a way of honouring them, indeed the visit of Henry VIII to Harwich in is given a place of conspicuous honour on the first page of the oldest extant volume of the records of the borough.
Even if this were not the case the portcullis is an appropriate emblem for a town which was once the principal gate of port of entrance into England from Europe, and even today is a thriving port. The ship may be derived from some ancient seal and as it is not uncommon for a port-town to display some sort of ship on one side or other of its seal this is likely to be the case.
The tower affixed to the mast serves to distinguish the ship from other similar crests and perhaps also symbolises the need for vigilance in a place that had an important role in the defence of the realm. It was however unusual in early times for a borough to use a crest at all, and this is further evidence that the arms of Harwich are probably not very ancient, even though derived from a seal of greater antiquity.
Granted 9th September The blue and white waves refer to the town's maritime location and the arrows and crown to St. Edmund, King of East Anglia. On the top of the cliffs are the ruins of St Edmund's Chapel which dates back to and celebrates the legend that when St Edmund first came from Saxony in he landed near Hunstanton cliffs. The white lion is from the arms of the Le Strange family, who have been associated with Hunstanton for nearly a thousand years. Henry Styleman Le Strange, in issued a prospectus for a coastal holiday resort on an undeveloped part of his estate, leading to the growh of the modern town.
The crest combines the lion of England with a fish tail, giving a further maritime reference and the ostrich feather is from the arms of the Norfolk County Council. Party per pale Azure and Argent on the dexter side three Lions passant guardant in pale Or and on the sinister side on Waves of the Sea in base proper a Ship of one mast Sable the mast surmounted by a Fleur-de-Lys Or and from the masthead a Pennon flotant to the sinister Gules the sail furled Argent and from a Turret at the stern a Flagstaff erect surmounted by a Fleur-de-Lys Gold and therefrom a Banner to the sinister charged Azure three Lions passant guardant in pale Or.
The arms are derived from designs found on either side of the earliest known heraldic seal of Maldon, which date from the mid-fourteenth century. The lions, derived from the royal arms with the field changed from red to blue for difference, recall the fact that Maldon was a Royal Borough.
The ship recalls the towns ancient glory as a port and its immemorial duty to provide a ship, for the service of king and country went called upon. It may be noted that the fleurs-de-lys surmounting the mast and flagstaff are also royal emblems, the English royal arms were quartered with those of France in , when Edward III laid claim to the French throne.
This indicates that the seal upon which the arms were based is no older than this date. Over the years the arms of Maldon have varied slightly, at the Visitation of Essex in the lions were recorded as rampant upon a red field.
In other versions the lions are shown reguardant, in one they are transfixed by a lance and in another the banner on the ship shows the French royal arms.
The crozier and crowns are those of St. The dancetty chief is from the arms of the Paston family and the cross flory from the arms of Lord Nelson. The green sheaves on gold indicate agriculture and "early growth". The Griffin is also from the heraldry of the Paston family, and the radiant sun refers to the healthy nature of the district. Argent a Wyvern Vert armed and langued and the jaws and underparts Gules on a Chief Gules a Seax point to the sinister proper hilt and pommel Or.
It is believed that the English Standard consisted of a wyvern carried aloft on a pole and it is this standard that provided the inspiration for the main charge in the arms. The county is recalled by one of the seaxes from its arms upon a red field. The name Rayleigh, according to the English Place Name Society, means 'roe deer in a glade or clearing', to which the crest refers.
The doe stands upon a representation of the famous Rayleigh Mount, the site of a Norman fortification built by the Sheriff of Rayleigh, the son of Robert FitzWimarc a local landowner. The original castle was probably a rough timber structure, but was later replaced by the Sheriff's son Robert de Essex. The castle passed to the crown after Robert's son Henry fell from royal favour, and from then on the castle fell into decay. Rayleigh Mount is now in the care of the National Trust and commands fine views across the valley of the River Crouch.
The Tudor rose was a favourite badge of Henry VIII and refers to the association between the town and that monarch, through his hunting park and lodges - now Eastwood Lodge and Rayleigh Lodge.
The first three syllables of the motto form a pun In Rayleigh. Vert within a representation of Town Walls having a Gateway between two Towers Argent three Saffron Flowers issuant from the battlements blown and showing stamens proper. The earliest representation of the design which eventually became the arms of Saffron Walden appears on a seal dating from , which was prepared after the town was granted a charter in February of that year by Edward VI.
Benham in his book Essex Borough Arms suggests that the design was chosen as a pun of the name Saffron Walden - saffron flowers walled-in, and this is perhaps the most probable explanation. The gateway and towers could also be seen as recalling the castle said to have been built by Geoffrey de Mandeville around , however it had a short life and was abandoned around one hundred years after its building and quickly fell into ruin, long before the first seal was prepared.
The seal of , depicted the three saffron flowers in various stages, one in bud, another in flower and the last fully open, signifying the three stages of the town's municipal history - its incorporation as a Commonalty in , its flowering as a Municipal Borough in and its restructuring under the Municipal Corporations Act of Although the design has appeared on a shield in the form of arms for over three hundred, albeit with variations in colouring, it was not until that they we officially granted as such.
Incidentally the 'saffron' part of the town's name refers to the cultivation of the saffron crocus at Walden from the time of Edward III until the eighteenth century.
Sometimes the 'arms' were embellished with a lion for a crest, this was perhaps a perpetuation of the lion which together with a dragon supported the 'arms' on a seal which was affixed to the gilt-silver mace procured after the town became a borough with full municipal privileges in , upon the granting of a charter by James II.
It seems likely that the crest granted in was suggested by the earlier lion. The chapeau is probably derived from the crest of the Braybrook family of Audley End and the Ancient Mace of the Borough is also depicted.
Gules fretty Argent a Bend wavy Azure fimbriated Or. On a Wreath of the Colours a Kingfisher wings elevated and addorsed grasping in the dexter claw a Roll of Parchment proper. The white frets on red are derived from the arms of the Huddleston family, owners of the Sawston estate from until the s. The wavy blue band refers to the River Cam, from which much of the Village's prosperity has been derived.